Note that the Taurat was the revelation given to Moses and the Injeel was the message given to Isa.Falling Light 101 wrote:
However, Muslims have nothing to go back to - They did not preserve anything.
We find that the Torah is nearly a perfect precise match to the Torah that exists today.
Yet In Islam, Sura 5:47 goes on to say "Let the People of the Gospel Judge by what Allah hath revealed Therein...." If the People of the Gospel are to judge by what God has revealed in the Gospel, then how can the Gospel they are to judge by not be the Gospel God told them to judge by?
Even Sura 6:91 Allah sent down the book which Moses brought? - a light and guidance to man;
Sura 5:48 says, "To thee (People of the Book) We sent the scripture in truth, confirming the scripture that came before it, and guarding it in safety: so judge between them by what Allah hath revealed, and follow not their vain desires, diverging from the truth that hath come to thee...."
"And in their [the prophets'] footsteps we sent Jesus the son of Mary, confirming the Torah that had come before him: we sent him the gospel; therein was guidance and light. And confirmation of the Torah that had come before him: a guidance and an admonition to those who fear Allah" Sura 5:46
Sura 8:84-85 - Mentions Adam, Noah, Lot, the brother and sister of Moses, the Queen of Sheba and Abraham] Isaac and Jacob, Noah David, Solomon, Job, Joseph, Moses, and Aaron; Zakariya and John [the Baptist] and Jesus and Elias [Elijah].
The Quran also mentions - Mary the mother of Jesus, and Jesus' apostles.
(Sura 5:61-63) God's word, given to the people of the Book.
Jesus was taught the Gospel according to Sura 3:48,
and Christians are the people of the Gospel in Sura 5:46.
Even 'Aisha tells that Khadija took Mohammed to a Christian convert who used to read the Gospels in Arabic.
Sura 3:48 says, "And Allah will teach him [Jesus] the book and Wisdom, the Torah, and the Gospel."
In the case of the Injeel, it was the teachings of Jesus to the Jews. It is not the biography of him. It is not the narration of his disciples and enemies. It is not about the writings of Paul or others.
It is beneficial to understand what the Quran really defines as Taurat and Injeel to avoid making conjectures on the integrity of the word of God.