I thought of a theological reason for why polyandry isn't allowed. I'm not sure if I'm completely right. Anyways, ever since the Fall, God made man 'rulers' or head over their wives (Genesis 3:16). So that created a master to servant like relationship to where the wife belongs to the husband or the husband owns her. And if you put that with the point behind Jesus' statement, that a servant can't serve two masters (Matthew 6:24), then that's why a woman can't have 2 husbands. It would cause conflict with the marital roles of the husband.elle wrote:You're right, that would be polyandry. Is there a reason for the double standard here? Is it because of the culture or because practically that type of union does not provide the benefits of polygmy you mentioned such as producing children?Jrosemary wrote:Meanwhile, there's no way to practice polyandry within Jewish law. (I think polyandry is the right word for one woman with multiple husbands.) I don't have an issue with it, personally--and I don't care if the state legalizes polyandry among consenting adults. But I doubt we'll ever see a rabbi performing a polyandrous wedding ceremony! To be fair, though, I don't know of any rabbis who would perform a polygamous ceremony either.
Again, why the double standard? I don't see why it is worse for a married woman to sleep with an unmarried man than for a married man to sleep with an unmarried woman. Do you know what the reasoning behind this is?A married woman who sleeps with a man other than her husband is guilty of adultery according to Jewish law. Technically it's regarded as much worse than a married man sleeping with an unmarried woman--however, practically speaking, both are severely frowned on nowadays. Everyone wants to see a happy married couple (gay or straight, in liberal synagogues) who don't cheat on each other.
That's why I'm thinking before the Fall, that would've been okay. And I don't mean just polyandry but also polygynandry (both husband and wife have multiple spouses).
This is all assuming of course the story of Adam and Eve and the consequences from the Fall are true. This is also compatible of SOME biblical-polygamy advocates because they always use the servant can't serve two masters point when asked about why polyandry isn't allowed.